Also the chemical and oil industries have a considerable negative influence on the environment. Over 120 large water intakes are located in areas of potential or existing sources of oil-chemical pollution. The sewerage and water supply systems are also in a critical condition. According to information from the Committee of Housing, Construction and Architecture, one fourth of the purifying systems are in an disastrously poor condition, and 40% of the pump systems need to be changed. As a result the number of accidents on sewerage systems of Ukraine is 10 times higher than in European countries.
An analysis of the influence level of anthropogenic factors on the ecological
systems shows that the degradation level of environmental components is
higher than the level of adaptability of living creatures to the new living
conditions in Ukraine. Therefore, there is a real threat of irreversible
changes in the environment which, in turn, can pose a threat to the health
and lives of the Ukrainian people.
Many emergency situations have been caused by unfavourable hydro-meteorological
The number of considerable national level and regional emergencies decreased from 355 to 202 in comparison to 1997. The number of national level emergencies decreased from 41 to 17 as well. But the general data show a significant increase of emergencies as well as emergency fatalities for the last four years. So, comparing to 1997, the number of emergencies increased by 11.3%, the number of deaths increased by 26.4%, and the number of injured people increased by 59.5%. (Table 7.1).
The distribution of considerable state and national emergencies.
The most significant natural occurrences were the catastrophic flood in Zakarpattia Region, accidents at mines in Donetsk and Lugansk. To this list of natural catastrophes one also can add landslides and destruction of roads in the Autonomous Republic the of the Crimea, flooding caused by rising ground water in Kherson, Zaporizhzhia and Mikolaiv regions, rain flooding in Lviv Region and squall winds in Rivne Region.
The data of emergencies is shows in the Table 7.2
The majority of emergencies took place in the regions of Dnipropetrovsk (175), Odesa (141), Lviv (137) and Donetsk (128), in the Autonomous Republic of the Crimea and in the city of Kiev (150). The greatest number of deaths was registered in Donetsk Region (179), and many people also died in Lugansk (81), Odesa (79) and Dnipropetrovsk (72) regions. The largest number of injuries was registered in Zakarpattia (1149), Odesa (578), Donetsk (569), Zhitomyr (381) and Dnipropetrovsk (245) regions.(Table 7.3).