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Table 4.2. List of substances whose content in the atmospheric air of cities has caused the highest pollution in terms of annual average and maximum concentrations (exceeding of maximum permissible concentrations MPC)

Substance

City

Annual average concentration, x MPC

City

Maximum of single concentrations, xMPC

Dust

Dnieprodzerzhinsk

Ternopil

Vinnytsya

Armyansk

Dniepropetrovsk

Krasnoperekopsk

Zaporizhia

2.4

2.2

2.2

1.9

1.8

1.8

1.7

Ternopil

Dnieprodzerzhinsk

Kharkiv

Donetsk

Zaporizhia

Simferopol

Makiivka

Mykolaiv

Dniepropetrovsk

12.2

8.0

6.6

4.8

4.8

4.8

4.2

4.2

3.8

Sulphur dioxide

Dzerzhinsk

Yenakiyeve

Gorlivka

1.8

1.7

1.6

Yenakiyeve

Alchevsk

1.3

1.2

Carbon monoxide

Vinnytsia

Yenakiyeve

Gorlivka

Dzerzhinsk

Zaporizhia

1.4

1.3

1.3

1.2

1.2

Kyiv

Lugansk

Dniepropetrovsk

Odesa

Mykolaiv

Ternopil

Armyansk

Chernivtsi

6.4

5.6

4.2

4.2

4.0

3.6

3.4

3.0

Nitrogen dioxide

Yenakiyeve

Makiivka

Dzerzhinsk

Gorlivka

Kyiv

Zhitomyr

Dniepropetrovsk

Bila Tserkva

Izmail

3.0

3.0

2.6

2.5

2.1

2.0

2.0

1.9

1.8

Kyiv

Zhitomir

Bila Tserkva

Krasnoperekopsk

Donetsk

Kramatorsk

Lugansk

Ukrainka

Kherson

11.1

8.2

6.8

6.5

5.4

4.8

4.8

4.8

4.8

Nitrogen

oxide

Zaporizhia

Dniepropetrovsk

1.7

1.2

Lugansk

Zaporizhia

1.4

1.1

Hydrogen sulphide

 

MPC was not established

Dniepropetrovsk

Mariupol

Makiivka

Alchevsk

Donetsk

Kramatorsk

8.3

5.1

3.6

3.4

3.3

3.3

Carbon disulphide

Cherkasy

2.9

Cherkasy

3.0

Phenol

Yenakieve

Dnieprodzerzhinsk

Dzerzhinsk

Gorlivka

Slovyansk

Odesa

Kramatorsk

Mariupol

3.8

3.6

3.3

2.7

1.9

1.8

1.7

1.5

Donetsk

Makiivka

Slovyansk

Kharkiv

Kramatorsk

Kryvyi Rig

Dnieprodzerzhinsk

Chernivtsi

5.0

4.5

3.1

3.1

3.0

3.0

2.8

2.8

Soot

Odesa

Olexandria

1.8

1.0

Kharkiv

Odesa

Kirovograd

Olexandria

2.9

1.7

1.4

1.3

Hydrogen fluoride

Slovyansk

Kramatorsk

Odesa

Vinnytsia

Lviv

Mariupol

2.3

2.2

2.0

1.3

1.3

1.3

Slovyansk

Kramatorsk

Lugansk

Rivne

Vinnytsia

Odesa

Mariupol

4.9

4.8

4.5

4.3

2.5

1.4

1.3

Hydrogen chloride

No excess of maximum permissible concentration

Rivne

Kyiv

Zaporizhia

Chernivtsi

Krasnoperekopsk

4,4

4,2

4,0

3,6

2,8

Ammonia

Gorlivka

Cherkasy

Kryvyi Rig

Dniepropetrovsk

Donetsk

Mariupol

3.3

2.6

1.9

1.8

1.6

1.5

Cherkasy

Dniepropetrovsk

Kryvyi Rig

Krasnoperekopsk

Kharkiv

Armyansk

Grygorivka

Donetsk

4.1

3.0

2.7

2.5

2.3

1.9

1.9

1.9

Formal-dehide

Odesa

Lutsk

Lugansk

Svitlovodsk

Cherkasy

Rivne

7.2

5.7

4.9

4.0

3.5

3.0

Lugansk

Lutsk

Rivne

Chernivtsi

Dniepropetrovsk

4.4

2.3

2.0

1.9

1.7

Sulphuric acid

Gorlivka

1.3

   

Benzene

Kremenchuk

2.4

Kremenchuk

4.3

Benza-pyrene

Donetsk

Makiivka

Yalta

Dniepropetrovsk

Mariupol

Lutsk

Slovyansk

Zaporizhia

Ternopil

4.7

4.4

4.1

3.9

3.8

3.2

3.0

2.9

2.8

Dniepropetrovsk

Donetsk

Kerch

Zaporizhia

Mariupol

Makiivka

Odesa

Slovyansk

Yalta

Lutsk

Kyiv

23.6*

19.6*

18.8*

13.3*

12.9*

12.3*

12.0*

9.6*

8.5*

8.2*

7.4*

Copper

Dniepropetrovsk

1.2

Kharkiv

Dniepropetrovsk

Donetsk

Bila Tserkva

Lutsk

Dnieprodzerzhinsk

4.7*

4.6*

2.7*

1.7*

1.3*

1.1*

Manganese

No excess of maximum permissible concentration

Vinnytsia

Yenakieve

Zaporizhia

1,9*

1,3*

1,1*

Iron

No excess of maximum permissible concentration

Vinnitsia

1,1*

Lead

No excess of maximum permissible concentration

Kyiv

6,4*

* maxima of month average concentrations